It has been shown that the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by viruses transmitted by sexual contact, transfusion, use of contaminated blood products and sharing contaminated needles. HIV-1 and HIV-2 viruses have been isolated from patients with AIDS and AIDS-related complex (ARC), high-risk persons for AIDS. HIV-1 and HIV-2 viruses delete T helper cells, a subpopulation of T cells for body defense, thus causing AIDS patients susceptible to opportunistic infections and developing malignant tumors. The incidence of specific antibodies to HIV 1 or 2 is high in AIDS, ARC and persons with high risk for AIDS
The Rapid HIV 1 +2 Test is a single-use immunochromatographic assay for the detection of antibodies to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Types 1 (HIV-1) and Type 2 (HIV-2) in fingerstick whole blood, serum or plasma specimens. The Rapid HIV 1 & 2 test is intended for use by professionals.